5 Non Muslims who laid the foundation of Pakistan
Dewan Bahadur S.P. Singha
Dewan Bahadur played an important role in the formation of Pakistan. He pledged his unconditional support to Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his cause. He also established the All India Christian Association in 1942 and this association contributed a lot towards an independent Pakistan. The efforts of this association towards the freedom movement were commendable especially under the leadership of Dewan Bahadur.
On 18th November 1942, All India Christian Association offered its unconditional and full support to Mr. Jinnah with his efforts of freedom.
Alvin Robert Cornelius
Cornelius, a judge, jurist and legal philosopher, was one of the notable Christian leaders in the making of Pakistan. He closely worked with Muhammad Ali Jinnah and he felt that the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims was incumbent to save them from the ill-treatment of the British. He was a very outspoken activist for the Pakistan movement, and an influential person who constantly helped Jinnah.
Cornelius even helped Jinnah drafting the Pakistan Resolution with his legal insight. He added articles that justified the rights of Muslim majority, non-Muslim communities and the unjustified treatment they were subjected to.
Cornelius was among the first ones opting for the newly made country’s citizenship and he also took a federal law government assignment given by Liaqat Ali Khan.
Mr. F.E Chaudhary wasn’t just a photographer, he was a pictorial historian who plotted the growth of a nation through its highest and lowest points.
He documented important events such as the Muslim League Session in 1940 and Quaid-e-Azam’s visits to Lahore.
Before he photographed some of the most valued historical moments of the Pakistan Movement, he had already worked in illustrated publishing such as Civil and Military Gazette, Illustrated Weekly of India, Statesman, Bombay and others.
Along with his lasting impressions on the Pakistan Movement, he is also remembered for introducing innovative features to photojournalism.
He received several coveted awards from the government, such as the Tamgha-i-Khidmat, Sitara-i-Imtiaz and Pride of Performance, in recognition for his contribution to Pakistan.
Jogendra Nath Mandal
Mandal belonged to a secluded caste of Hindus called Dalits. He strongly believed in the cause of Pakistan. He feared the safety of Dalits in Hindu India hence he advocated for a separate country. Mandal staunchly supported Quaid e Azam and helped him wherever he could. Mandal supported the award of title ‘Quaid e Azam’ to Muhammad Ali Jinnah and was the only minority leader to do so.
After the partition, Mandal acted as a member and temporary president of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. He was the first President for Law and Labour. He, unfortunately shifted back to India after some time as he believed the Pakistan administration was perpetrating anti-Hindu beliefs.
Sir Victor Turner
Sir Victor Alfred Charles Turner was one of the main Christian activists who were active in Pakistan Movement. He played a significant role in the creation of a separate homeland.
In 1919, he joined the Indian Civil Service and served as Revenue Secretary and Finance Secretary from 1935 to 1936. Sir Victor Turner also held the position of Additional Secretary in Indian Government in Delhi.
After creation of Pakistan, Sir Victor Turner was appointed by Liaquat Ali Khan as first Finance Secretary of the newly made country and the first Christian to be holding such a key administrative position. Sir Victor Turner headed Federal Bureau of Statistics also and was responsible for revamping of government and financial institutions.
Sir Turner is also credited for the printing of first currency note which carried his signature.
He also made some vital changes in Civil Service of Pakistan. After the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan, Sir Turner moved back to the United Kingdom and served as Financial Advisor to Pakistani High Commissioner.
He was awarded Sitara-i-Imtiaz for his extensive contribution to the cause of Pakistan.
By Salman Bokhari